Continued from yesterday's post.....
1961: Escalation of troops in Vietnam
1961: CIA involved in a plot
to assassinate France's President Charles de Gaulle.
1961-64: CIA uses disgruntled Brazilian army colonels to overthrow President Koao Goulart. As a result of the ensuing coup d'etat, the new puppet regime in Brazil allows the CIA to set up a political police apparatus which ostensibly serves as the prototype for the U.S. "Office of Public Safety" (OPS)
, the mechanism through which death squads are created later in the decade within Latin America.
1962: Cuban Missile Crisis.
1962: The 3rd Marine Expeditionary Unit lands in Thailand
to support the country "from communism."
1962-76: From October 1962 until 1976, the United States plays a role of "military support"
1962-96: CIA launches its most sustained counterinsurgency campaign ever, lasting over thirty years, supporting the military dictatorship (including the use of torture
) it installed in Guatemala after the 1954 coup. By 1994, over 200,000 would die, mostly Mayan Indians, at the hands of the dictatorship.
1963: Troops land in Haiti (again!) to protect American business interests.
1963-93: U.S. agrees to build nuclear reactors for India, allowing India to begin nuclear weapon production in 1974.
1964: U.S. provides airlift for Congolese troops
during a rebellion and to transport Belgian paratroopers to rescue foreigners.
1964-85: U.S. induces a rightwing coup d'etat in the Dominican Republic. A naval force is stationed in Panama to deteran initiative by Panama to nationalize the Canal. Military forces begin to move into Thailand, begining a twenty year long counterinsurgency campaign.
1964-72: The OPS created by the CIA in Brazil is used against Uruguay
. During this period,approximately 20,000 Uruguayans are murdered and/or subjected to sophisticated torture. Thousands are wrongly jailed for indefinite periods. In 1972, the CIA finally overthrows the Uruguayan government.
1964-74: CIA sponsors a series of military plots against the democratic government. In 1967, a coup d'etat finally takes place, and the government is toppled. The US manages to put a military junta led by Georges Papadaopoulis into power. Over the next seven (7) years, hundreds of Greek opposition leaders are murdered, and thousands are tortured and imprisoned by the American-led junta.
1965: CIA uses the Indonesian military to overthrow the Sukarno government in Indonesia.
1965: The U.S. fabricates the "Gulf of Tonkin" incident
, using the fraudulent attack as justification to engage the North Vietnamese. This event sets off a chain of events which will evenetually lead to the death of 3.2 million Indochinese over the next ten years.
1965: 23,000 troops are used in the Dominican Republic
to put down a popular revolt meant to restore democratic governance.
1965-73: Secret bombing of Laos begins
. Two million tons of munitions are dropped on the tiny country by 1973.
1966: In Ghana, the CIA overthrows pan-Africanist president Kwame Nkruhama in a coup d'etat. A dictatorship is then established in Ghana with U.S. military and economic support.
1966-69: The U.S. unlawfuly and repeatedly encroaches upon North Korea with Naval vessels. As a result, in 1968, the North Koreans seize an American spy ship, the Pueblo
, and intern her crew. War is narrowly averted.
1967: A combined CIA/Special Forces group in Bolivia operates with an elite Bolivian unit, destroying a guerilla unit led by Ernesto "Che" Guevara. Guevara is wounded, captured, and then executed.
1967: The United States sends three military transport aircraft with crews to provide the Congo central government with logistical support during a revolt.
1967: 4,000 troops are sent into Detroit to quell a rebellion in Detroit. MOre troops are sent later during a massive anti-Vietnam war protest.
1967-74: The Army Security Agency and other military intelligence units begin Operation Minaret
, illegally surveilling the communications and activities of American citizens. Once the public finds out about it, the government shuts down Operation Minaret. But immediately thereafter, the CIA begins operations Chaos, Merimac, and Resistance
-- all for the same purpose as Operation Minaret. The three programs continue until 1974.
1968: After Martin Luther King Jr's assassination, 70,000 troops are deployed nationwide to quell civil unrest.
1969: 40,000 troops are deployed to Washington D.C. during a huge protest against the Vietnam War.
1969-72: The CIA, with DoD cooperation, ushers LSD
and methamphetamines into the cities. Vast amounts of heroine are also released in the African American and Latino communities.
1969-99: U.S. enters into a thirty (30) year agreement with Argentina to build nuclear plants in Argentina, resulting in Argentina attaining nuclear weapons production capability in 1985.
1970-71: The CIA arms rightwing insurgents in Costa Rica
to bring about a coup d'etat of the liberal democratic government.
1971: U.S. and South Vietnamese forces invade Laos
1972-2002: U.S. enters into a thirty (30) year agreement with Taiwan to build nuclear reactors resulting in a Taiwanese nuclear weapon program in 1979.
1973: Military airlift of advanced weaponry and other materials to bolster Israel for war against its Arab neighbors.
1973: Counterinsurgency specialists, FBI, and U.S. Marshals are used to put down a Native American "uprising" at Wounded Knee
, on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota.
1973-76: The CIA sponsors a coup d'etat in Chile
, resulting in the overthrow of democratically-elected President Salvadoe Allende. Allende is assassinated during the coup, as are other. U.S. military advisors then join the CIA in propping up military strongman Augustus Pinochet as Chile's new leader. Pinochet brutalizes the Chilean people
over the course of the next 27 years.
1973-86: Despite "ironclad evidence" of its carcinogenic/mutogenic effects, the DoD denies any link between diseased veterans and Dioxin (aka "Agent Orange"
1973-2002: U.S. enters into an agreement with South Korea to build nuclear reactors for the South Koreans, resulting in South Koreas ability to produce nuclear weapons in 1985.
1974: Troops land in Cyprus to rptect American commercial interests
1974-2002: U.S. enters into a an agreement to build nuclear reactors for Portugal so that Portugal can attain nuclear weapons by 1984. However, due to a nuclear reactor problem, in 1981, Portugal shuts down its nuclear reactor.
1975: Marines land in Cambodia and engage in combat.
1975: The CIA, in conjuction with the Shah of Iran and the Mossad of Israel, establish a program to arm Kurdish guerillas in northern Iraq. Later, when American interests change, the U.S. abandon the Kurds, resulting in the death of 50,000 Kurds at the hands of Iraq and Turkey.
1975-78: CIA intervenes in Zaire to reinforce dictator Mobutu Seso Seko. Moroccan troops are used as proxies for Americans in Zaire. In exchange, theMoroccans receive military support from the U.S. in Morocco's war against guerillas at home.
1975-79: The CIA uses mercenaries to bolster the regime of Anastasio Somosa, a U.S. puppet in Nicaragua. The dicator is finally overthrown by Sandanista guerillas-- 60,000 die.
1975-91: The CIA and mercenaries sponsor and support prowestern factions within Angola. 60,000 people die in fighting as these factions try to seize power.
1976: Troops land in Lebanon during a civil war created, in part, by Israel's Mossad.
1976-80: CIA subverts military and police officials in Jamaica, using them to depose the liberal government of Michael Manley.
1977: Troops are sent to Uganda in a show of force against anti-Israel dictator, Idi Amin.
1978-80: Troops are sent to Iran as Iran collapses.
1979-81: The CIA employs mercenaries to stage a coup d'etat (unsuccessful) in the Seychelles Islands.
1979-91: CIA and Special Forces establish a counterinsurgency campaign in El Salvador, eventually costing the lives of over 150,000 Salvadorans.
1980-91: The CIA and Special Forces provide extensive training and support to MUjahadeen guerillas fighting Soviet forces in Afghanistan. Among those trained, Ramsey Yousef (World Trade Center bomber in 1993) and Osama bin Laden.
1981: The U.S. shoots down Libyan planes in the Gulf of Sidra.
1981-91: The Iran-Contra covert operation takes place. In order to support Honduras, the CIA sells drugs to raise money, and sells weapons to Iran (in violation of an embargo). The money is used to fund a campaign against the Sandanista government in Nicaragua. The Sandanistats are eventually deposed at the cost of 85,000 lives. A U.S. puppet regime is installed in Nicaragua.
1982: Logistical support is provided to Great Britain in its war against Argentina over the Argentine Malvinas (Falkland) Islands.
1982-84: Marines land in Lebanon (again) to support and Israeli invasion and partial occupation. The CIA uses the threat of subversion to coerce the government of Surinam into refusing Cuban aid.
1982-96: Troops deployed to the Sinai to assist Israel.
1983: U.S. invades the tiny island of Grenada and topples the government there. A U.S.-friendly puppet is installed.
1983: The U.S. transfers sophisticated weaponry to the antidemocratic Saudi Arabian government.
1984-89: Special Forces and the CIA undertake a prolonged counterinsurgency campaign in the Phillipines in order to defeat leftist guerillas. 30,000 die.
1985: The U.S. bombs Triploi and Benghazi in Libya, personally targeting the head of Libya, Muamar Qadaffi. The attack is made in retaliation for the bombing of a German disco, however, German intelligence had already concluded that Libya was not involved in the disco bombing.
1985: After the International Court of Justice enters an opinion declaring U.S. military operations in Nicaragua to be in violation of international law, the U.S. (under Reagan) pulls out of the ICJ and thereby repudiates the ICJ's jurisdiction.
1987-88: The U.S.S. Vincennes shoots down an unarmed and clearly identified Iranian commercial airliner flying over the Persian Gulf, killing 290. At the time, the U.S. happens to be supporting Iraq against Iran in the Iran/Iraq War. The captain of the Vincennes is decorated as a result of this incident, citing his "bravery" during the incident.
1989: The U.S. shoots down Libyan aircraft (again) as they fly over the Gulf of Sidra
1989: U.S. troops dispatched to the Phillippines to prevent a coup.
1989-90: The U.S. invades the tiny country of Panama with a massive force. As a result, the U.S. topples the government, installs a U.S.-friendly regime, and arrests Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega who was himself a former CIA "asset". Hundreds of Panamanians are killed.
1990: Troops are sent to Liberia to protect business assets.
1991-94: Troops are sent to Somalia to protect U.S. business interests in the Horn of Africa. Unsuccessful, the troops withdraw. But a smaller "peace keeping" force is kept behind to rid the country of its warlords. This plan results in the "Black Hawk Down" incident in which a few U.S. soldiers and thousands of Somalis are killed.
1991-2002: The U.S. assembles a coalition of countries to attack Iraq after the Iraqi invasion into Kuwait. Known as "Operation Desert Storm," Iraq's military and civilians infrastructure is pulverized as a result of the war. Nevertheless, as a term of treaty, the U.S. imposes "no-fly zones" over most of the country in Iraq, and regularly takes part in bombing campaigns throughout the country over the course of over ten years. Simultaneously, the U.S. spearheads an economic embargo against Iraq, lasting over ten years, during which 1 million Iraqis die as a result of the embargo (half of them children).
1992: Troops sent to Los Angeles after riots break out due to the Rodney King case.
1992-99: U.S. "peace keeping" forces sent into the former Yugoslavia in an effort to ensure that any government which emerges is pro-USA.
1992-2002: Just like the Agent Orange denials, the DoD denies, despite clear evidence, that there is any connection between depleted uranium usage in Iraq and what is known as "Gulf War Syndrome."
1993: Delta Force sniper teams are sent to assist the FBI in a protracted siege of the Branch Davidian Compund near Waco, Texas. By the end of it, 78 people, including 23 children, are massacred. Litigation reveals the existence of a highly classified "Praetor Protocol" under which the President is revealed to hold the authority to secretly "waive" Posse Comitatus constraints at his/her desire. In other words, the President may employ the military against the domestic population whenever and for whatever he/she so chooses.
1993-96: Troops sent to Haiti (again!) to establish U.S.-supported government. Troops are sent to Rwanda to evacuate Americans, but not interfere with the simultaneous genocide that is occuring there.
1995-2002: Federal troops are sent to take part in what are normally civilian operations, namely border patrol. In essence, this is another violation of Posse Comitatus.
1997: The U.S. bombs a pharmaceutical manufacturing plant in Sudan, in an attempt to bomb an al-Qaeda base. It turns out, the factory was never used by al-Qaeda, but the U.S. tries to quash this revelation.
1998-2002: The U.S. refuses to conform to the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court.
1999: Delta Force troops are used against World Trade Organization protesters in Seattle (another violation of Posse Comitatus).
1999-2001: The U.S. deploys air and naval units to fight against Yugoslavia. The U.S. bombs Belgrade, destroying (by mistake) the Chinese embassy.
2001-: After the September 11, 2001 "attacks" by CIA asset Osama bin Laden
, the U.S. undertakes a "War on Terror" against whomever it so chooses to label as a "terrorist." At the outset, this results in the invasion and occupation of Afghanistan. The U.S. installs former Unocal executive
Hamid Karzai as president of Afghanistan and begins construction on the highly coveted natural gas and oil pipeline
. Osama Bin Laden has never been captured, and it seems that his capture is no longer a high priority
2002-03: Special Forces are sent to the Phillippines to destroy the Abu Sayyaf guerilla group whom the U.S. government claims is linked to al-Qaeda. (However, many Filipinos believe Abu Sayyaf is a CIA front)
2002-03: Special Forces are sent to Chechnya and the Republic of Georgia.
2002-03: President Bush designates Iraq, Iran, and North Korea as being a part of the "Axis of Evil." Although not linked to al-Qaeda or the September 11 incident, the U.S. prepares for an invasion of Iraq.
2002: The U.S. fired smart missiles into sovereign Yemen, killing alleged terrorists.
2002-03: Selected Afghanis and alleged al-Qaeda operatives captured in Afghanistan are drugged and brought to secret prisons in Guantanomo Bay, Cuba. The prisoners are said to have no rights under internation law or otherwise, and are subsequently tortured.
2003-: Claiming that Iraq is an emminent danger to the U.S., and creating a justification for war based upon countless lies, the U.S. invades and occupies Iraq, toppling the Saddam Hussein government. Eventually Hussein is captured and imprisoned. Thousands of Iraqis are imprisoned, many of them tortured by American troops. Over 100,000 Iraqis have died in this war, to date. To date, nearly 2,000 American soldiers have died.
2003-: The U.S. has made numerous threats to the governments of Syria and Iran that 'they could be next.'