"Most Peace-Loving of Nations"
"We go to war but grudgingly and then only when compelled by the requirements of restoring peace, justice, and good order, for we among all the peoples of the world comprise the most peace-loving of nations."Funny thing is, when President Wilson made that statement, he failed to mention that from the country's inception, the United States has been involved in some military conflict nearly each and every year.
Since 1917, little has changed. Here is a chronology of American conflicts since President Wilson made his speech. Tell me how "peace loving" we really are....
1917: Marines land in China to influence an American friendly outcome to a Chinese political crisis.
1917: U.S. enters the Great War (World War I)
1917-21: American troops are used to break up a mining strike in Butte, Montana.
1918-19: U.S. army invades Mexico a total of nine times.
1918-20: U.S. sends troops to Panama to oversee an election (This was about the fifth or sixth time the U.S. had sent troops to Panama).
1918-20: Marines land in Vladivostock, Soviet Union to support counter-revolutionary forces in Siberia. Soon, the marines are joined by 7,000 army personnel. Another 5,000 troops are sent to Archangel to combat the Soviet forces (500 Americans die). A separate marine unit participates in a Marine landing on the Murman Coast of the USSR.
1919: American troops land at Trau, in Dalamatia to "maintain order" during a dispute between Italians and Serbs because of the threat the dispute poses to American commercial interests.
1919: Marines land in Constantinople, Turkey during a Greek occupation.
1919: Marines land in Honduras (again!) during yet another attempted revolution there.
1919: Troops are used to put down an AFL general strike in Seattle. Martial law is used.
1920: Troops are sent to Guatemala to quell labor unrest.
1920: Marines land in Kiukang, China to put down a riot threatening American commercial interests.
1920-22: A marine garrison is set up near Vladivostock to protect a radio facility.
1920-1922: The army is used to break strikes in ten states.
1921: Naval forces are posted on both sides of the Panamanian isthmus to influence a border dispute between Panama and Costa Rica.
1922: Troops sent to the city of Smyrna to "preserve order."
1922-23: Marines go ashore five (5) times in China to protect American interests in China.
1924-25: Troops are sent to Honduras (again) to oversee elections.
1924-25: Marines land in Shanghai to settle political disputes.
1925: Marines land in Honduras (again) to counter popular rebellion against the outcome of the U.S. supervised national election held a year earlier.
1925: Army intervenes in Panama (again) to put down a national strike which threatens American interests.
1926: Forces are put ashore in Hankow and Kiukiang, China to protect American business interests.
1926-33: Marines are dispatched to Nicaragua to reinforce the pro-American government against a popular uprising and coup d'etat attempt.
1927: Increased naval forces are sent to numerous Chinese port cities. Americans fire upon Chinese troops.
1932: Marines land in Shanghai (again).
1932: 600 troops are used against impoverished American veterans of World War I (the "Bonus Army") peacefully encamped in Washington D.C. The veterans were seeking payment from the government for unpaid bonuses owed unto them.
1933: Naval forces dispatched to Cuba to help prop American puppet in Cuba, Gerardo Machado.
1934: Marines land in Foochow, China to protect American property.
1937: A U.S. gunboat is sunk by Japanese forces in China.
1940: "Lend Lease" air and naval bases are established in Newfoundland, Bermuda, St. Lucia, the Bahamas, Jamaica, Antigua, Trinidad and British Guayana.
1941: U.S. troops occupy Greenland, Iceland, and Dutch Guyana. Navy engages in antisubmarine operations against Germany even though the two nations are not at war.
1941: F.D.R. violates the Posse Comitatus Act by using federal troops at an aircraft plant in Los Angeles in order to break up a strike.
1941-45: U.S. participation in World War II.
1945: U.S. drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
1945: U.S. troops occupy Trieste.
1945-46: Troops are garissoned in Iran and China to counter the Soviets.
1945-52: War Department (Department of Defense) arranges for impoverished Navajo Indians to receive small business loans to become self-employed uranium miners in New Mexico and Arizona. Information concerning the extreme health dangers associated with the radon gas naturally emitted by uranium ore is intentionally withheld from the Navajos. Lung cancer mortality among the miners eventually nears 100%.
1945-54: Military conducts radioactive tests in the atmosphere, harming the civilian downwind populations (cancer) Thousands of troops exposed to the direct radiation of nuclear blasts so that the DoD can assess the "effects on combat efficiency attending committment to the atomic battlefield."
1945-54: In Alaska, DoD researchers coerce indigenous Inuits to swallow capsules of pure uranium in order to "study the effects of massive contaminationon the human organism."
1945-58: Using the "trust authority" it had asserted over the Marshall Islands after World War II, the U.S. converts its "protectorate" into a test range for nuclear weaponry. The islands of Bikini, Kwaljalein, and Enewetak which had been inhabited were rendered uninhabitable thereafter. Moreover, residents of nearby islands Utirik and Rongelap are essentially used as human lab rats so that the DoD can study the fallout effects (horrific mutations occur in these islands as a result).
1945-2002: After what was supposed to be a temporary partition of Korea after WWII, America installs an American friendly regime in South Korea, backed with 50,000 troops. After numerous (2,617) troop incursions in the North, a war ensues when North Korea finally invades South Korea. A three year war takes place, ending in stalemate. American troops remain in South Korea to this day.
1946: U.S. deploys troops to Turkey.
1946-54: U.S. troops coordinate a counter-insurgency campaign in the Phillipines. U.S. gains 23 military bases in the Phillipines.
1946-73: The U.S. backs the army of Chaing Kai-shek with material assistance and 100,000 American troops. This army wages a bitter but unsuccessful counterinsurgency war against Chairman Mao's "people's liberation army." Chaing's forces take refuge on the island of Formosa (now Taiwan). Thereafter, CIA and American clandestine military forces conduct an array of operations against China, lasting until at least 1973.
1947-48: The CIA subverts free elections in Italy by threatening "another world war" if the communist party were to win at the Italian polls. The subversion results in the defeat of the communists, but vicotry for a corrupt anticommunist party.
1947-51: U.S. wages counterinsurgency campaign against Greek communists. Greece eventually is pushed into an anticommunist dictatorship.
1947-57: The CIA uses guerilla soldiers from Baltic states (many of them former nazis) to fight guerilla wars against Soviet troops. 80,000 Soviet troops are killed in these guerilla wars.
1948-49: U.S. deploys combat units to Berlin.
1950: Strategic planners prepare a secret study known as NSC-68, outlining the requirements for turning the U.S. into a fullblown "National Security State." The document calls for curtailment of political expression, comprehensive indoctrination of the general public against communism. NSC-68 shamelessly suggests falsifying data to serve its purpose.
1950-2002: The U.S. violates the Treaty of Ruby Valley with the Shoshone indians, thereby confiscating and using Shoshone land to detonate over 1,000 nuclear devices for testing purposes.
1953: The CIA overthrows the democratically elected government of Mossadegh in Iran and installs the anti-democratic Shah of Iran. Military is immediately sent into Iran to consolidate and control Iran's future as an American client state.
1953-54: CIA overthrows the democratic government of Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala and replaces it with a military dictatorship "friendlier" to American business interests.
1953-54: Military airlift to supply French troops in Dien Bien Phu.
1954-55: CIA attempts overthrow in Costa Rica.
1954-55: U.S. military advisors sent to Laos. CIA personnel sent to South Vietnam.
1955-61: CIA and Special Forces troops create and lead and indigenous guerilla force in Tibet to liberate the country from China.
1956: Troops sent to Morocco.
1956: Troops sent to Egypt.
1956: CIA helps instigate an armed revolt in Hungary but then abandons the insurgents, resulting in the deaths of thousands.
1956-57: CIA attempts (and fails at) overthrowing Ba'athists in Syria.
1956-57: Military troops sent to Thailand and train Thai troops to invade Cambodian border areas.
1957-58: The CIA attempts eight (8) separate overthrows of the Nasser government in Egypt.
1957-58: The CIA sets out to assasinate the president of Indonesia, but fails. Then, the CIA supports a coup d'etat against the same government in Indonesia. That too fails.
1957-1988: The US government enters into an agreement to build nuclear reactors for the racist government of South Africa. South Africa finally begins production of nuclear weapons in 1979, thanks to American assistance. The US supports South Africa until the regimes collapse in 1988 despite a UN embargo.
1958: 14,000 marines land in Lebanon to "keep order" during the nation's civil war.
1958: The CIA coordinates a coup d'etat in Laos.
1959: Special Forces begin secret combat operations in Laos.
1959: Marines land in Haiti to prevent the overthrow of a ruthless and brutal (but American-freindly!) regime.
1959-79: The U.S. enters into an agreement to build nuclear reactors for the Shah of Iran. The reactors fall into the hands of the anti-American revolutionaries in 1979.
1959-2002: Troops land in Cuba to bolster a pro-American Cuban dictator. The dictator, however, is eventually overthrown in 1959 by Fidel Castro. CIA soon begins organizing what will become known as the Bay of Pigs invasion against Cuba. It fails. Over the years, the CIA attempts numerous assasinations of Castro. The CIA also uses bacteriological and chemical warfare against Cuba.
1960: CIA coordinates and backs a coup d'etat in Laos.
1960: The CIA leads, trains, and arms guerillas in Guatemala and puts down a popular insurrection meant to restore the democratically elected government.
1960-63: The CIA quells a leftist guerilla movement in Ecuador via a counterinsurgency campaign.
1960-64: The CIA deliberately causes a civil war in the Congo by exacerbating rivalries and ideological differences. the Congo's leader is assassinated.
(To be continued....from 1961...tomorrow)