IMPEACH GEORGE BUSH!! The Bulldog Manifesto Fourteen Characteristics of Fascism - The Bulldog Manifesto

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Tuesday, July 26, 2005

Fourteen Characteristics of Fascism

After examining the fascist regimes of Hitler (Germany), Mussolini (Italy), Franco (Spain), Suharto (Indonesia), and Pinochet (Chile), political scientist, Dr. Lawrence Britt found that they all had fourteen (14) elements in common.

1. Powerful and Continuing Nationalism

Fascist regimes tend to make constant use of patriotic mottos, slogans, symbols, songs, and other paraphernalia. Flags are seen everywhere, as are flag symbols on clothing and in public displays.

2. Disdain for the Recognition of Human Rights

Because of fear of enemies and the need for security, the people in fascist regimes are persuaded that human rights can be ignored in certain cases because of "need." The people tend to look the other way or even approve of torture, summary executions, assassinations, long incarcerations of prisoners, etc.

3. Identification of Enemies/Scapegoats as a Unifying Cause

The people are rallied into a unifying patriotic frenzy over the need to eliminate a perceived common threat or foe: racial , ethnic or religious minorities; liberals; communists; socialists, terrorists, etc.

4. Supremacy of the Military

Even when there are widespread domestic problems, the military is given a disproportionate amount of government funding, and the domestic agenda is neglected. Soldiers and military service are glamorized.

5. Rampant Sexism

The governments of fascist nations tend to be almost exclusively male-dominated. Under fascist regimes, traditional gender roles are made more rigid. Opposition to abortion is high, as is homophobia and anti-gay legislation and national policy.


6. Controlled Mass Media


Sometimes the media is directly controlled by the government, but in other cases, the media is indirectly controlled by government regulation, or sympathetic media spokespeople and executives. Censorship, especially in war time, is very common.

7. Obsession with National Security

Fear is used as a motivational tool by the government over the masses.

8. Religion and Government are Intertwined

Governments in fascist nations tend to use the most common religion in the nation as a tool to manipulate public opinion. Religious rhetoric and terminology is common from government leaders, even when the major tenets of the religion are diametrically opposed to the government's policies or actions.

9. Corporate Power is Protected

The industrial and business aristocracy of a fascist nation often are the ones who put the government leaders into power, creating a mutually beneficial business/government relationship and power elite.

10. Labor Power is Suppressed

Because the organizing power of labor is the only real threat to a fascist government, labor unions are either eliminated entirely, or are severely suppressed .

11. Disdain for Intellectuals and the Arts

Fascist nations tend to promote and tolerate open hostility to higher education, and academia. It is not uncommon for professors and other academics to be censored or even arrested. Free expression in the arts is openly attacked, and governments often refuse to fund the arts.

12. Obsession with Crime and Punishment

Under fascist regimes, the police are given almost limitless power to enforce laws. The people are often willing to overlook police abuses and even forego civil liberties in the name of patriotism. There is often a national police force with virtually unlimited power in fascist nations.

13. Rampant Cronyism and Corruption

Fascist regimes almost always are governed by groups of friends and associates who appoint each other to government positions and use governmental power and authority to protect their friends from accountability. It is not uncommon in fascist regimes for national resources and even treasures to be appropriated or even outright stolen by government leaders.

14. Fraudulent Elections

Sometimes elections in fascist nations are a complete sham. Other times elections are manipulated by smear campaigns against or even assassination of opposition candidates, use of legislation to control voting numbers or political district boundaries, and manipulation of the media. Fascist nations also typically use their judiciaries to manipulate or control elections.

(Used pursuant to Fair Use, compliments of OldAmericanCentury.org)

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u missed musharafin the list of facist leaders

What about electoral fraud by Diebold, Sequoia and ES&S in the 2004 elections? Electoral fraud is the deliberate interference with the process of an election. Such efforts and campaigns can be quite sophisticated, involving court challenges and counter-challenges. Inflating the vote can be accomplished by buying or coercing votes from persons who would not normally vote but who are nevertheless eligible to vote, by registering false voters such as the deceased, by recording multiple votes from a single voter, or by subverting the vote counting process itself. Deflating the vote can by accomplished by intimidating voters and preventing them from voting (such as by random violence near polling places or other forms of electioneering), by controlling the ballot counting process, or by "losing" or "misplacing" ballot boxes. The vote can also be deflated by interfering with postal or absentee ballots, or disqualifying them on technical grounds. For example, the perpetrator of the fraud could require signatures on absentee military ballots after they have been cast but before they have been counted. More dramatic is "four-legged voting," where precinct workers would pull the levers on voting machines instead of the voter; this was once practiced in Chicago. It has always been possible to alter voting machines so that they only record votes for a single candidate. Recently, however, a method of electoral fraud that has worried political activists is hacking electronic voting schemes to prevent ballots from being registered or by making them appear to select the wrong candidate. Identity theft is likely to become an issue if Internet voting schemes are implemented, since obtaining public records concerning registered voters is almost as easy as casting a "secure" vote using someone else's identity. Additionally, votes can also be influenced by counting. If the counting of votes is done out of the public view, as is the case for example in most of the United States today, then the votes can be manipulated without having to cause any fraud at the voting booth. Countries such as France count all votes publicly in order to make this method of electoral fraud more difficult. Legal means of influencing the outcome of an election such as gerrymandering (drawing voting district lines in such a way as to obtain a favorable result) or including prison inmates in a local population are also often argued to be forms of electoral fraud. Electoral fraud is not always subtle. Booth capturing is a persistant problem in Indian democracy where thugs of one party "capture" a polling booth and stamp their votes threatening everyone. History is full of notorious examples of electoral fraud, especially (and ironically) in advanced democracies where such crimes tend to be noticed, reported, and corrected. Examples include the Daley Machine in 20th Century Chicago and Tammany Hall in 19th Century New York. Although the penalties for getting caught may be severe, the rewards for succeeding are likely to be immense, encouraging perpetrators to continue their fraudulence. Also, in recent times, accusations of voter suppression are often made to counter those alleging election fraud.

Sarath: I wasn't trying to list all of the fascist leaders to ever exist. I was merely stating the fascists for whom Dr. Britt examined in order to come up with the 14 common elements of all fascist governments.

back to the future:
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/4236923.stm

so iran is next?

I could not have said it better myself.

THis is so silly and there ar so many factual errors it boggles the mind.

We'll start with this: do you really think we spend fifty percent of our budget on the military?

John,

So many factual errors, you say? LOL. Its a theory set forth by Dr. Britt after studying fascist governments. I didn't even apply it to the USA, except through photographs that were meant to: 1) suggest American involvment in fascism, 2) elicit humour. Other than that, I didn't even bother giving examples because I think they are too obvious.

When I actually sat down to do this piece, I did begin to write factual examples, but after a few of them, I realized that the piece would be too long, and I wanted to stay on point and just get the general theory across to the reader. Thus, for the sake of brevity, I decided that this post would simply set the theory down. (Tonight I will put together the examples and expand on the theory.)

Thus, there really aren't any facts to dispute...yet!

As for the graph, look at it closely. The graph represents "discretionary spending". Do you know what that means? It doesn't mean the nearly $2.2 gross in "total outlays," it means the $850 billion in total discretionary budget.

Go to the White House's website for more details at: http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2004/tables.html

Now, since you said that there are so many factual errors, maybe you could point them out to me.....

The question is, what do you (and I don't mean you, specifically, but anyone) do about it?

(*)>

Well that cheered up my day in a black humour kind of way!

birdwoman,

We can begin with learning more. Arming ourselves with knowledge is a good start. Then, we can begin talking to people we know (but only after we have done some homework).

We can write letters to our newspapers. We can create community groups. We can wake people up....before its too late.

LOVE your blog! You're right on!

You are inflating the accusations a bit. Facist leaders had absolute control over the people of their country. Murdering anyone who disagreed and killing anyone who looked different.

Bush has a little control over legislative policy. No control over public opinion and Press. That is why you have the right to post this opinion!

political pie,

You seem to confuse totalitarianism in its most raw forms with fascism. A governments activities need not be so fatal to be considered fascist.

Check out Wikipedia for a brief intro to fascism. If you want more detailed info, let me know.

These are traits of any total government whether it is socialist, fascist, democracy, or monarchy. These things become necessary the larger the government grows. Read Hayeks 'Road to Serfdom' it's good stuff. Great picture of Bush giving the finger...Is that real?

epetroworldland.blogspot.com

michael david,

Yes and no.

Yes, a democratically inclined or say, a socialistcally inclined government could exhibit fascist traits.

But "no", a truly democratic state and a truly socialist state (I'm using these terms quite generically here) are nowhere near fascism.

We show the exoteric signs of a democratic republic, but in our essence, this nation is a fascist oligarchy.

good times!!!!!!!!!!

Fantastic blog! Found you on blogexplosion. You really made me think.

I would say you are right, comparing the United States to other fascist nations, except I don't agree with you.

This country is too full of cynics like you and me, to ever be tricked by the things you list.

Also, there is a common threat to our safety or hadn't you noticed?

Oh God, Bulldog, I've enjoyed reading your blog for a long time, but this post is exceptional! I just had to comment. The fascists are here and in power, in our own time. It is sickening, frightening. It will get much, much worse.
At least we have the blogosphere! For now.
Candace
http://chapterhouse.blogspot.com

Great post - great insight - so true! "Everything in the State, nothing outside the State, nothing against the State."

I'm sorry Mr. Bulldog, but the simple fact is that you and those like you live in a fantasy world that you've created for yourselves in order to justify your irrational paronoia. Are you willing to test your beliefs?

Begin this way.

Make a large sign which reads "George Bush is a baby killer", (if you don't like that one, substitute any of the trite leftist slogans which are popular these days). Next go to the busiest street corner you can find in your city and stand in a prominent area holding your sign. Lastly, observe what happens next.

What will happen next is absolutely nothing. No jackbooted thugs will come to take you away to the nearest gulag. Nobody will come and rough you up. You won't be killed and mutilated. I know this because a crowd of geriatric hippies like yourself does this very thing weekly in the city where I live. They are universally ignored.

Mr. Bulldog, The fact that you are writing this ridiculous blog is proof enough that you don't live in anything approaching a fascist country. Posts like the one you've written exemplify the reason that Democrats are finding it so difficult to win elections of late. Most people find drama queens annoying.

Mr. Jones,

You are clearly a noisome individual. You may find sufficient refutation in your own words: what need has the Entheomaniac of jackbooted thugs, when his myrmidons obediently ignore whatever strays from the government narrative?

I find these events most disheartening, if not at all surprising. Americans swagger about with much bravado and yet are at least as susceptible as any other people to the seductive siren song of tyranny (performed by the latest winner of American Idol, of course).

A new Dark Age is upon us.

jack jones,

Just because a government agent wont arrest or beat a lone protester (today), does not mean that our government is not looking to crush dissent. I think they are a bit too savvy to worry about a lone protester or a few stragglers, as it stands now.

Wake up jack jones.

Its funny, because it sounds like some people need to see a Kristelnacht or something similarly diabolical in order to get the picture. How close to complete fascism do we need to come before you DO get alarmed?

I take it you have no problem with the fact that your government habitually lies to you on matters of primary importance. You have no problem with the fact that our first, third, fourth, fifth, seventh, and tenth amendments have been seriously assaulted via legislation, and if they have it their way (with a second Patriot Act) they'd essentially reorganize the entire Federal government as well as many areas of state government under the dictatorial control of the Justice Department, the Office of Homeland Security and the FEMA NORTHCOM military command.

I suggest you go read the Patriot Act II (which thankfully was shot down!) just to see what they want to pass. And just watch, one more bomb goes off, and more people like you get all crazed and scared out of your wits, you'll just hand them the last bit of liberty you have left.

"Please Mr. Wolf, please protect us....."

Awesome, bulldog. Just perfect.

The absolute LAMEST argument against this is Jack's. Sorry, pal, but it's completely ridiculous. Bulldog, myself, and the many others who can understand what is going are not saying that America is a fascist regime. What we are saying is that fascism is coming if we don't change the direction of the nation. Many (most? all?) of the elements are in play, but it's not there yet. It's a scary thought, but it's nonetheless very, very true.

hehe. I posted this in my blog too! Great job...we need to get the word out!!!I will visit your blog again.

Unstated, but seemingly Common Sense, is the notion that a nation with fascist traits or tendencies is the least likely to recognize them in itself. And being that the concept of fascism has such a bad connotation attached to it, even if we the people (who don't buy in) recognized the situation as such, you can hardly expect the gov't to cop to it. Our their sycophants.

Reforming agencies and institutions to be more effective and efficient is not really a bad thing. But to give up too much freedom for the promise of security is to also give up security.

i believe using words as fascism, communism, or else, make all arguments less 'effective' because these words are too loaded with historical rhetorics.
it becomes far too easy to dismiss good overall arguments with opposite examples provided by the possibility of different interpretations of words with a too wide meaning to be explicit

and the 'bigger' the word the harder to believe.

I think all of you have way too much idle time on your hands. Maybe you should consider getting a pet...or a girfriend.

jack,

Thanks for the learned response. Take care.

My learned response is about on par with your learned post in terms of intellect.

u missed musharafin the list of facist leaders

What about electoral fraud by Diebold, Sequoia and ES&S in the 2004 elections? Electoral fraud is the deliberate interference with the process of an election. Such efforts and campaigns can be quite sophisticated, involving court challenges and counter-challenges. Inflating the vote can be accomplished by buying or coercing votes from persons who would not normally vote but who are nevertheless eligible to vote, by registering false voters such as the deceased, by recording multiple votes from a single voter, or by subverting the vote counting process itself. Deflating the vote can by accomplished by intimidating voters and preventing them from voting (such as by random violence near polling places or other forms of electioneering), by controlling the ballot counting process, or by "losing" or "misplacing" ballot boxes. The vote can also be deflated by interfering with postal or absentee ballots, or disqualifying them on technical grounds. For example, the perpetrator of the fraud could require signatures on absentee military ballots after they have been cast but before they have been counted. More dramatic is "four-legged voting," where precinct workers would pull the levers on voting machines instead of the voter; this was once practiced in Chicago. It has always been possible to alter voting machines so that they only record votes for a single candidate. Recently, however, a method of electoral fraud that has worried political activists is hacking electronic voting schemes to prevent ballots from being registered or by making them appear to select the wrong candidate. Identity theft is likely to become an issue if Internet voting schemes are implemented, since obtaining public records concerning registered voters is almost as easy as casting a "secure" vote using someone else's identity. Additionally, votes can also be influenced by counting. If the counting of votes is done out of the public view, as is the case for example in most of the United States today, then the votes can be manipulated without having to cause any fraud at the voting booth. Countries such as France count all votes publicly in order to make this method of electoral fraud more difficult. Legal means of influencing the outcome of an election such as gerrymandering (drawing voting district lines in such a way as to obtain a favorable result) or including prison inmates in a local population are also often argued to be forms of electoral fraud. Electoral fraud is not always subtle. Booth capturing is a persistant problem in Indian democracy where thugs of one party "capture" a polling booth and stamp their votes threatening everyone. History is full of notorious examples of electoral fraud, especially (and ironically) in advanced democracies where such crimes tend to be noticed, reported, and corrected. Examples include the Daley Machine in 20th Century Chicago and Tammany Hall in 19th Century New York. Although the penalties for getting caught may be severe, the rewards for succeeding are likely to be immense, encouraging perpetrators to continue their fraudulence. Also, in recent times, accusations of voter suppression are often made to counter those alleging election fraud.

Sarath: I wasn't trying to list all of the fascist leaders to ever exist. I was merely stating the fascists for whom Dr. Britt examined in order to come up with the 14 common elements of all fascist governments.

back to the future:
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/4236923.stm

so iran is next?

I could not have said it better myself.

THis is so silly and there ar so many factual errors it boggles the mind.

We'll start with this: do you really think we spend fifty percent of our budget on the military?

John,

So many factual errors, you say? LOL. Its a theory set forth by Dr. Britt after studying fascist governments. I didn't even apply it to the USA, except through photographs that were meant to: 1) suggest American involvment in fascism, 2) elicit humour. Other than that, I didn't even bother giving examples because I think they are too obvious.

When I actually sat down to do this piece, I did begin to write factual examples, but after a few of them, I realized that the piece would be too long, and I wanted to stay on point and just get the general theory across to the reader. Thus, for the sake of brevity, I decided that this post would simply set the theory down. (Tonight I will put together the examples and expand on the theory.)

Thus, there really aren't any facts to dispute...yet!

As for the graph, look at it closely. The graph represents "discretionary spending". Do you know what that means? It doesn't mean the nearly $2.2 gross in "total outlays," it means the $850 billion in total discretionary budget.

Go to the White House's website for more details at: http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2004/tables.html

Now, since you said that there are so many factual errors, maybe you could point them out to me.....

The question is, what do you (and I don't mean you, specifically, but anyone) do about it?

(*)>

Well that cheered up my day in a black humour kind of way!

birdwoman,

We can begin with learning more. Arming ourselves with knowledge is a good start. Then, we can begin talking to people we know (but only after we have done some homework).

We can write letters to our newspapers. We can create community groups. We can wake people up....before its too late.

LOVE your blog! You're right on!

You are inflating the accusations a bit. Facist leaders had absolute control over the people of their country. Murdering anyone who disagreed and killing anyone who looked different.

Bush has a little control over legislative policy. No control over public opinion and Press. That is why you have the right to post this opinion!

political pie,

You seem to confuse totalitarianism in its most raw forms with fascism. A governments activities need not be so fatal to be considered fascist.

Check out Wikipedia for a brief intro to fascism. If you want more detailed info, let me know.

These are traits of any total government whether it is socialist, fascist, democracy, or monarchy. These things become necessary the larger the government grows. Read Hayeks 'Road to Serfdom' it's good stuff. Great picture of Bush giving the finger...Is that real?

epetroworldland.blogspot.com

michael david,

Yes and no.

Yes, a democratically inclined or say, a socialistcally inclined government could exhibit fascist traits.

But "no", a truly democratic state and a truly socialist state (I'm using these terms quite generically here) are nowhere near fascism.

We show the exoteric signs of a democratic republic, but in our essence, this nation is a fascist oligarchy.

good times!!!!!!!!!!

Fantastic blog! Found you on blogexplosion. You really made me think.

I would say you are right, comparing the United States to other fascist nations, except I don't agree with you.

This country is too full of cynics like you and me, to ever be tricked by the things you list.

Also, there is a common threat to our safety or hadn't you noticed?

Oh God, Bulldog, I've enjoyed reading your blog for a long time, but this post is exceptional! I just had to comment. The fascists are here and in power, in our own time. It is sickening, frightening. It will get much, much worse.
At least we have the blogosphere! For now.
Candace
http://chapterhouse.blogspot.com

Great post - great insight - so true! "Everything in the State, nothing outside the State, nothing against the State."

I'm sorry Mr. Bulldog, but the simple fact is that you and those like you live in a fantasy world that you've created for yourselves in order to justify your irrational paronoia. Are you willing to test your beliefs?

Begin this way.

Make a large sign which reads "George Bush is a baby killer", (if you don't like that one, substitute any of the trite leftist slogans which are popular these days). Next go to the busiest street corner you can find in your city and stand in a prominent area holding your sign. Lastly, observe what happens next.

What will happen next is absolutely nothing. No jackbooted thugs will come to take you away to the nearest gulag. Nobody will come and rough you up. You won't be killed and mutilated. I know this because a crowd of geriatric hippies like yourself does this very thing weekly in the city where I live. They are universally ignored.

Mr. Bulldog, The fact that you are writing this ridiculous blog is proof enough that you don't live in anything approaching a fascist country. Posts like the one you've written exemplify the reason that Democrats are finding it so difficult to win elections of late. Most people find drama queens annoying.

Mr. Jones,

You are clearly a noisome individual. You may find sufficient refutation in your own words: what need has the Entheomaniac of jackbooted thugs, when his myrmidons obediently ignore whatever strays from the government narrative?

I find these events most disheartening, if not at all surprising. Americans swagger about with much bravado and yet are at least as susceptible as any other people to the seductive siren song of tyranny (performed by the latest winner of American Idol, of course).

A new Dark Age is upon us.

jack jones,

Just because a government agent wont arrest or beat a lone protester (today), does not mean that our government is not looking to crush dissent. I think they are a bit too savvy to worry about a lone protester or a few stragglers, as it stands now.

Wake up jack jones.

Its funny, because it sounds like some people need to see a Kristelnacht or something similarly diabolical in order to get the picture. How close to complete fascism do we need to come before you DO get alarmed?

I take it you have no problem with the fact that your government habitually lies to you on matters of primary importance. You have no problem with the fact that our first, third, fourth, fifth, seventh, and tenth amendments have been seriously assaulted via legislation, and if they have it their way (with a second Patriot Act) they'd essentially reorganize the entire Federal government as well as many areas of state government under the dictatorial control of the Justice Department, the Office of Homeland Security and the FEMA NORTHCOM military command.

I suggest you go read the Patriot Act II (which thankfully was shot down!) just to see what they want to pass. And just watch, one more bomb goes off, and more people like you get all crazed and scared out of your wits, you'll just hand them the last bit of liberty you have left.

"Please Mr. Wolf, please protect us....."

Awesome, bulldog. Just perfect.

The absolute LAMEST argument against this is Jack's. Sorry, pal, but it's completely ridiculous. Bulldog, myself, and the many others who can understand what is going are not saying that America is a fascist regime. What we are saying is that fascism is coming if we don't change the direction of the nation. Many (most? all?) of the elements are in play, but it's not there yet. It's a scary thought, but it's nonetheless very, very true.

hehe. I posted this in my blog too! Great job...we need to get the word out!!!I will visit your blog again.

Unstated, but seemingly Common Sense, is the notion that a nation with fascist traits or tendencies is the least likely to recognize them in itself. And being that the concept of fascism has such a bad connotation attached to it, even if we the people (who don't buy in) recognized the situation as such, you can hardly expect the gov't to cop to it. Our their sycophants.

Reforming agencies and institutions to be more effective and efficient is not really a bad thing. But to give up too much freedom for the promise of security is to also give up security.

i believe using words as fascism, communism, or else, make all arguments less 'effective' because these words are too loaded with historical rhetorics.
it becomes far too easy to dismiss good overall arguments with opposite examples provided by the possibility of different interpretations of words with a too wide meaning to be explicit

and the 'bigger' the word the harder to believe.

I think all of you have way too much idle time on your hands. Maybe you should consider getting a pet...or a girfriend.

jack,

Thanks for the learned response. Take care.

My learned response is about on par with your learned post in terms of intellect.

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